Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander designers are today expressing their cultures in graphic design, jewellery, textiles and fashion. Their work sheds new light on traditional themes and motifs, revealing contrasts between the different regions of Australia. The energy and imagination of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander design reveals a culture with a continuity that remains through the fickle changes of fashion.
Textile design techniques range from traditional fibre crafts to screen-printing, batik and hand-painting. The techniques reflect external influences such as training opportunities, travel and market forces.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander designers often reflect the Australian landscape in their work. The symbols and motifs they use vary from region to region and have great cultural significance. This raises issues of ownership, copyright and licensing agreements.
Clothing is perhaps one of the most immediate ways that a person can express how they feel about themselves and their culture, their political views and aspirations. Community-based enterprises have provided a network for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander designers whereby they can sell their designs and work together to solve production and distribution problems. Young workers can be employed in work schemes and many communities find this has far-reaching effects upon their self-image and financial status.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander design is popular for its fresh and dynamic graphic qualities, which contrast with mainstream fashion. The influence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander design on non-indigenous designers can be seen in the collections of a number of contemporary designers. How the textile design is acknowledged and how the designer is rewarded is of critical importance.