Maternal Mortality in Kerala

The aim of the present study is to analyse the level of maternal mortality in Kerala and to explore in-depth the causes of maternal deaths. During the period of study, the value of Maternal Mortality Ratio number of maternal deaths per 100000 live births in Kerala fluctuated between 48.19 and 26.33. District wise analysis showed that the districts of Alappuzha, Ernakulam and Thrissur had values of MMR below the state average almost throughout the period of study and also the fluctuation of MMR was slight in these three districts. In Kollam, Kottayam, and Kannur MMR was below the state average most of the period with a slight fluctuation.  In Kozhikode, Malappuram and Kasaragod the values of MMR remained slightly above the state average most of the period of study, especially during the latter half. But in the hilly districts of Wayanad, Idukki and Palakkad MMR was high and widely fluctuating throughout the period.  Even though the fluctuation was high in Pathanamthitta, the values of MMR for the recent years dropped below the state average. In general, higher values of MMR and high fluctuations were seen in the hilly districts of Kerala. Maternal deaths reported in Thiruvananthapuram district during 2006-2007 were also analysed in-depth, using the report from the DMO office. According to the report, about 71 percent of the deceased women were from rural area. Major reasons for death were embolism, respiratory diseases, hemorrhage and cardiac diseases

via PRC.


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