The goal of Appropriate Technology (AT) is to increase the standard of living for the developing world without condescension, complication, or environmental damage. Typical AT inventions are more labor intensive, require fewer resources, and use low cost or readily available materials wherever possible. Special attention is paid to the social, cultural, and ethical aspects of the communities the technology is intended for. Submitted for your approval are 10 inventions using these principles, and they are every bit as ingenious as anything coming out of Silicon Valley. You will also find several links to charitable organizations distributing these products for little or no cost, should you wish to contribute to their efforts.
One of the most interesting and useful observations Mullins and Kiley made is that most examiners don’t read your thesis like it’s a novel – starting at the beginning and reading through to the end. Shocked? I was the first time I read this, but then I reflected on the last academic book which I read from start to finish… and I couldn’t think of one. Academic texts are dense, difficult, cumbersome beings at the best of times and a thesis is even worse.
Most examiners read the abstract, introduction and the conclusion to see what the work is about and then look in the references, so you should write these last – or rather rewrite them at the end. Any questions you raise in the introduction should be answered in the conclusion. If these parts act as righteous ‘bookends’ the examiner will form a better impression of you as a scholar – and is likely to be more forgiving of you if you slip up a bit in the middle parts.
1. Submit a neatly formatted, complete bibliography
PhD students are judged on their sources, so it pays to make sure your bibliography is accurate and presented properly. Make sure you include the key theorists in your chosen topic as without these, the examiner might not be willing to look any further. A bibliography is one of the most basic of academic standards, so mess this part up at your own risk!
The final bibliography of your PhD or Masters thesis will reflect not only the works you explicitly refer to in your research, but any sources that you may have consulted, looked at and read during the exploration of your topic. The fact that you decided not to cite from these works is not decisive.
The best PhDs are small. They investigate a circumscribed area, rather than over-egging the originality or expertise. The most satisfying theses – and they are rare – emerge when students find small gaps in saturated research areas and offer innovative interpretations or new applications of old ideas.
Overweight kids are seldom heard and poorly understood. This book presents what kids say about being overweight – their stories, struggles, and successes – in their own words. The source is 134,000 messages anonymously posted by overweight kids on website bulletin boards. With stunning honesty these kids share their difficult lives and their frustration with parents and health professionals.
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I’ve been on a Fitbit kick for a few months now, and have spent quite a bit of time getting to know the Fitbit One, which I really love. After I lost my second one, however, I started to think that maybe I should get a Fitbit Flex instead, since they’re harder to lose, being strapped to your wrist.